“In its broadest sense, ‘field recording’ refers to the process of capturing sound outside the controlled confines of a studio.” (Ableton). More info in this article by Lawrence English. The microphone does not move and recorded material is not edited, perhaps enhanced a bit with EQ.
“Soundwalking is a creative and research practice that involves listening and sometimes recording while moving through a place at a walking pace. It is concerned with the relationship between soundwalkers and their surrounding sonic environment.” (Andra McCartney). It is kind of a moving field recording.
“Soundscape, therefore, is not about simply presenting pre-recorded soundscapes, but in telling a story through control and manipulation of these pre-recorded soundscapes.” (EARS2 website). A good example is Murray Schafer’s Listen. Changes can be made to recordings with filtering, splicing, mixing, etc. Some composers only use real (natural) sounds, some include unreal (more abstract) sounds as well. The term soundscape was coined by Canadian composer R. Murray Schafer. Get to know him a bit: 1,2,3. Basically, as soundscape is an edited, further organised soundwalk.
There is no real definition for the term ‘imaginary soundscape’. Just simply think of it as a composition that expresses an internal journey. Think about the meanings of the words imaginary, sound as well as it’s suffix -scape and journey.
- imaginary – existing only in the mind (internal);
- if landscape is a view of a place, than soundscape can be a sound of a place, a ‘sonic picture’ of place where we travel from on side to another.
journey = moving image (sound);